Comparison of defense body movements of Apis laboriosa,
   Apis dorsata dorsata and Apis dorsata breviligula honey bees

    Electronic Supplementary Material



    1. Hornet hunting Apis laboriosa worker bees near the nest.


    2. Dorso-ventral Defense Body Twisting (DBT) of A. laboriosa worker bees.



    3. Circular Defense Waves (DW) of A. laboriosa workers in the curtain covering the nests.



    4 Defense Waves og (DW) of A. d. breviligula provoked by dummy hornet.



   5 Defense body twisting (DBT) of A. d. breviligula.